The term mychorrhizae relates to the relationship between fungi in the soil and a plant's root system. In general, a fungus contains a large group of eukaryotic organisms. What makes eukaryotic cells different from prokaryotic ones? Eukaryotic cells have a complex structure that contains a nucleus, whereas prokaryotes are most commonly unicellular - they lack a cell nucleus. Most animals, plants and fungus cells are eukaryotic.
Most plants form an early association with fungi in the soil. It is estimated that 95-99% of all plants belong to a family or species that form this characteristic relationship with mychorrhizae in the soil. In general, this process supports the plants' ability to harvest nutrients from the soil. Without beneficial mychorrhizae in the soil, plants have a much harder time gathering essential nutrients.
The Garden Vigor product VermActant
is a soil stimulant that encourages the growth and colonization of mychorrhizae on a plant's root system, and Garden Vigor's Emerald Mist is a plant and soil nutrition product that can help in this process as well.
The Benefits of Mychorrhizae
In soils that are nutritionally deficient, the nutrient take-up process of the mychorrhizae helps improve the absorption process by improving the growth and reproduction process of a plant. Beneficial mychorrhizae fungi produce growth hormones that can directly affect the morphology of the plant, improving root and plant growth.
Mychorrhizae profoundly affect the soil structure and composition by improving the soil microflora (microscopic organisms within the soil) and adding to the nutrient-fixing "beneficial bacteria and fungi" present in the soil. They also improve the drought tolerance of plants by increasing photosynthetic rates. Mychorrhizae may also reduce specific leaf density, allowing a greater exchange of nitrogen and related organic gases of the plant.
One of the most important factors of beneficial "good-guy" fungi and bacteria like mychorrhizae is their ability to colonize a plant's root system and form an advantageous symbiotic relationship with the plant. Soil-borne pathogens will have a harder time invading the roots of a plant with a strong support system or colony of mychorrhizae present.
This system, then, is what we strive for in our natural gardening products at Garden Vigor: facilitating the ability of "good guy" fungi and bacteria to naturally prevent disease and protect plants from soil-borne pathogens like anthracnose and blossom-end rot in your garden.
Contact Garden Vigor
for information on our natural gardening products that help grow a better garden.